Quincy, Mass. Historical and Architectural Survey

48 Grandview Avenue

HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE
The Wollaston/Forbes Hill neighborhood of Quincy is bounded by the M.B.T.A. tracks (east), Furnace Brook Parkway (south), Adams Street (west) and Beale Street (north). In 1869 the Wollaston Land Associates purchased an initial 300 acres on and near the Wollaston Hills for the purpose of developing a status residential area. This was a portion of the tract allotted in 1636 by the Town of Boston to William Hutchinson, the husband of Mistress Anne Hutchinson. When the development began in 1870 there was but one house in the entire section from the railroad tracks to Adams Street to the Milton line. The development accelerated after George F. Pinkham, the business manager of the Associates, got the Old Colony Railroad to issue free passes good for three years to anyone purchasing a house lot from the land company. To quote H. Hobart Holly: "This emphasis on commuting was an important factor in setting the pattern for Wollaston and communities to the north as primarily residential rather than manufacturing areas." Forbes Hill lies a bit to the West of Wollaston Hill and is dominated by a magnificent standpipe and the Furnace Brook Golf Course.

The land on which 48 Grandview Avenue is located formerly belonged to George W. B. Taylor, a Boston paper merchant and one of the first "settlers" and principal landowners in the Wollaston Hill area. It was from Taylor that the Wollaston Land Associates acquired more land to expand their development. It is Taylor's pre-1870 house that is referred to in the above paragraph. David L. Jewell, a mill agent representing Suncook, N. H., was the builder of the new house at 48 Grandview Avenue and the Jewells remained in residence to 1930.

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES
Assessors Records.
William Churchill Edwards. Historic Quincy, Massachusetts. 1957. p. 297.
H. Hobart Holly. ed. Quincy: 350 Years. 1974. p. 51.
D. Foster Taylor. "Wollaston As It Was In 1870's." (written in 1946). Quincy History. Quincy Historical Society. January 1985.

ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE:
The Queen Anne Style was the dominant domestic style from about 1880 until 1900. The style begun in England with the work of Richard Norman Shaw. It harkened back to pre-18th century Queen Anne classically oriented architecture and back to picturesque late medieval structures of England. At the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Americans were first exposed to English Queen Anne architecure. Within the decade, the style had replaced the previous foreign derived styles, such as Gothic Revival, Italianate and French Second Empire (Mansardic). The salient characteristic of the style was the emphasis on irregularity of plan, of massing, of color, of windows types and of wall textures. There were many wall overhangs, types of roofs and elaborate chimneys; ornamentation was ubiquitous. With time, picturesque elements were replaced with classic detailing and soon after, late 1890s, this led to the Shingle Style and the Colonial Revival Style.

The Wollaston/Forbes Hill area has listed two Queen Anne houses with domed towers, this one which is partIy integrated into the general massing of the residence and the large imposing one up the avenue at number 103. The most striking element of this fine Queen Anne residence is the extraordinary variety of shingles which are used on all the wall surfaces ,with the exception of the new vinylized ground floor section. The gables within gables have one type, the overhanging gables have another, round tower have yet another; this plethora of ornamented shingling is very attractive and creates visual interest. Another decorative Queen Anne characteristic is the different types of windows, rectangular, square, arched, round and transom; most have with the typical treatment of small square lights around a plain pane. The inset plaque with the raised decoration of a radiating sun is the signature of the style; it is illustrated in most pattern books of the period. Within the property is a delightful small structure also with shaped shingles, an upper glazed gables and a shed roof for the wide door. It is unusual in Quincy to have a period outbuilding still extant. It will be recommended that this property be included in the proposed National Register Wollaston Hill Historic District and be nominated to the National Register of Historic Places as a fine example of a Queen Anne residence.

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